EXCAVATION

Area A - The Workshop Complex 

The workshop complex cleared on the top of the mound (Area A) extends over an area of 20x20 m, which is currently being investigated. This complex highlights the organization of distinctive working and storing spaces. The natural limestone top mound bedrock has been carefully worked in order to construct a combined system of shallow and deep basins differently shaped (with rounded, squared and irregular profile), carved at different depths and connected to each other by a series of flow channels.

Thus the features of the working and storing devices point to a Workshop Complex devoted to activities organized and carried out following certain steps, each of them possibly to be performed in distinct open working areas (WA I-V) and flanked by a series of roofed storage areas (SA I-III) mostly aimed at collecting and preserving raw materials, processed materials and/or final products within basins, bins and pithoi.

The working installations find few counterparts in the Kourion region (and particularly in Erimi-Kafkalla and Pitharka) as well as the storage rooms, similarly cut into the bedrock with a roughly rectangular shape and well-carved right angles. These areas were defined by the creation of limestone approximately 60cm wide socles, obtained through quarrying the rectangular storage space. A similar arrangement finds parallels from contemporary contexts at Alambra-Mouttes and has been identified at the nearby LC site of Erimi-Bamboula, where the bedrock surface was set to create a limestone basement for the upper-standing walls of House E.

 

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Area E – The Southern Cemetery

The EC-MC cemetery area (Area E) extends along a series of two terraces sloping from the top mound towards the southeast. The investigation within the cemetery Area E has aimed at outlining the relationship with the sequence of phases evidenced in the top mound Workshop Complex and thus clarifying the general chronology of the occupation of the site, during the EC-LC I period.

A series of eight rock-cut tombs (Tombs 228-232; 240-241, 248) were excavated during the 2008-2011 field seasons. As far as the typology is concerned, all the tombs show single, small, irregularly rounded chambers with a cave-like section. A short dromos leads to the grave chamber of tombs 228-230, located on the upper terrace, where the stomion was roughly outlined by regularizing the terrace facade. On the contrary, tombs 231, 232, 240, 241 and 248 although showing the same basic plans without incoming dromoi, and highlight a wider dimensional variability. These last four tombs were found unlooted and located on a lower terrace just flanking the modern road going from Erimi to the small village of Vounaros.

Rescue-excavations carried out in 1990 and 2012 by the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus in the area of Ypsonas-Vounaros (about 400 m. North of the top mound) revealed four partially looted graves pertaining to the same chronological horizon of the ones excavated during the last years within the southern Area E. This evidence points to the presence of two distinct tombs clusters (a Southern and a Northern cemetery) related to the Bronze Age settlement of Erimi-Laonin tou Porakou

 

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Area B – The Domestic quarter

The investigation of the first lower terrace (Area B), exposed the foundation structures of an house unit. The domestic unit is organized around an open rectangular court. A series of rooms extends towards the East of the court, arranged with stone benches directly carved into the natural limestone bedrock. As far as the material assemblage is concerned, the ceramic repertoire suggests an occupation of the domestic unit throughout a phase contemporary with the use of the Workshop Complex on the top mound, i.e. mostly during the Middle Bronze Age.

 

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Università di Torino
Università di Torino